In the Beginning … Session 23 — The Tower of Babel

So the LORD scattered them from there over the face of all the earth, and they stopped building the city. 9That is why it is called Babel, for there the LORD confused the language of the whole world, and from that place the LORD scattered them over the face of all the earth.

[Genesis 11:8-9]

Babel — The gate of the gods.

What was the Tower of Babel? Why did Nimrod build it?

Was it an ancient skyscraper?

Was it a rocket launcher?

Or perhaps we have looked at the tower of Babel all wrong.

It is more likely that the tower of Babel was an ancient ziggurat and pagan temple complex that was specifically designed to open a portal to the other side. Babel was a gateway for the gods, summoning the dark powers of heaven and opening a dimensional door into the spirit realm.

When we consider what the modern-day mediums are doing with the likes of the massive hadron collider at CERN, it is apparent that one of their goals is to once again open a door to the other side and summoning powers to come upon the earth.

To discover more about this and more, be sure to access the free digital resources for Session 23 in my Genesis study below.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to like it and share it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.



In the Beginning … Session 22 — The Table of Nations

These are the clans of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, in their nations, and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.

[Genesis 10:32]

The race baiters of our day would have us to believe that systemic racism is alive and well in America, and anyone who dares to stand against the godless agendas of our day are automatically labeled as racists. Not only is history being rewritten to stoke the fires of racism in our culture, but an entire generation is being taught to judge others not by the content of their character but by the color of their skin.

If only this generation would take the time to read the Bible, it would become abundantly clear that the idea of inferior and superior races is not a Biblical concept. Quite the contrary, the Bible that there are not multiple races but only one race and one blood — the human race. We all are sons of Adam and because we all come from one man, there exists a true brotherhood of man created by God as His image bearers.

The Bible specifically speaks of the divisions of the earth in terms of nations, tribes, and languages. The Bible also reveals that every territory and nation on earth has been ruled and oppressed by fallen gods.

Not only did Jesus come to save us as a representative of mankind — the Son of Man — but also He came on a cosmic mission as the Son of God to redeem us from the bondage of these fallen gods once and for all.

To discover more about this fascinating topic, be sure to download the resources from my Genesis study below.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to like it and share it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.



In the Beginning … Session 20 — Reclaiming the Rainbow

Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, 25because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen. 26For this reason God gave them up to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature; 27and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error.

[Romans 1:24-27]

In the aftermath of the great cataclysm of the global flood, the Creator God made a universal covenant with Noah and subsequently with all mankind. Never again would He destroy all flesh from the face of the earth, and never again would He bring universal judgment by means of water.

The sign of God’s covenant … the rainbow.

God alone gets to decide what the rainbow is and more importantly what it means.

The rainbow is sign of God’s justice and judgment of sin, while at the same time it is a sign of God’s mercy and long suffering with sinners, not wishing that any should perish.

In a direct affront to God, the LGBTQ+ advocates and apologists have hijacked the symbol of the rainbow and redefined it to represent every form of sexual perversion and sin. Sadly, we have an entire generation that now marches under the banner of the rainbow believing that it stands for sexual liberation in celebration of all forms of sexual expression.

It is no accident that the leaders of the LGBTQ+ community chose the rainbow as their universal symbol. They knew exactly what they were doing — collectively spitting and laughing in the face of a holy God.

I am calling all people of faith to stand with me and reclaim the rainbow in this perverse and wicked generation.

And the only way we will succeed is through another symbol — the greatest symbol of God’s mercy and justice the world has ever seen.

We reclaim the rainbow through the cross of Jesus Christ, who was willing to give His life in the place of sinners that He might bring us to God and save us from the coming judgment.

To learn more about how followers of Christ can reclaim the rainbow through the gospel of Christ, check out Session 20 in my Genesis Study below.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to like it and share it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.



In the Beginning … Session 19 — A Brave New World

When the LORD smelled the pleasing aroma, He said in His heart, “Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from his youth. And never again will I destroy all living creatures as I have done. 22As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night shall never cease.”

[Genesis 8:21-22]

Climate change is all the rave these days, yet the modern-day environmentalists peddle a false narrative about global warming, carbon footprints, and going green to save the planet.

Although the neopagans grossly exaggerate an impending environmental apocalypse and have successfully propagated a false gospel nature worship to an entire generation, the reality remains.

There has always been climate change and always will be. For the Bible tells me so. God informed us about climate change thousands of years before the foolish trends of today.

And as far as cataclysmic, apocalyptic disasters, God told us about those as well. Yet instead of the myth of man-made global warming, God will surely come to judge the earth as an all-consuming fire to melt the elements as they burn with fervent heat.

When Noah and his surviving family stepped off the ark, they stepped into a brave new world suffering from legitimate climate change. The aftereffects of the cataclysmic flood would have caused extreme shifts in weather patterns, magnetic fields, atmospheric insulation, acid rain, and the like, eventually causing rapid freezing and casting the planet into an ice age.

To discover more about this brave new world, check out all the free resources for Session 19 in my Genesis study below.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to like it and share it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.



For further research, you can also check out this teaching by Micael Oard.

Michael Oard – The Ice Age: Only the Bible Explains It!

In the Beginning … Session 18 — Dinosaurs

Behold, Behemoth,
which I made as I made you;
he eats grass like an ox.
16Behold, his strength in his loins,
and his power in the muscles of his belly.
17He makes his tail stiff like a cedar;
the sinews of his thighs are knit together.
18His bones are tubes of bronze,
his limbs like bars of iron. 19He is the first of the works of God;
let him who made him bring near his sword!

[Job 40:15-19]

Since the term “dinosaur” was coined in the mid 19th century, man and child alike have been fascinated with these massive, terrible lizards in the fossil record.

Naturalistic evolutionists have used the discovery of dinosaur fossils to propagate their fanciful fairytales of prehistoric ages hundreds of millions of years before man supposedly “evolved” on the scene. Evolutionary apologists have successfully promoted their unscientific Jurassic fantasies in everything from the pages of children’s books to the silver screen of Hollywood blockbuster films.

The influence of the so-called “scientific” community quickly infiltrated the church, where uneducated pastors and capricious theologians began to question the validity of the Scriptures, compromise the clear teaching of God’s word, and embrace the evolutionary models of millions of years. These futile attempts to harmonize Genesis with Darwinism proved fatal to generations of impressionable Christians who now had cause to be skeptical of the truth of the Biblical account of creation.

As a result, the foundation of redemptive history has been destroyed and countless millions have departed the faith altogether, finding no sufficient scientific answers to the evolutionary paradigm that now challenges the authority of Scripture.

So where do dinosaurs fit into the Bible?

Did man live alongside dinosaurs in the recent past?

What scientific evidence has emerged in the fossil record that radically has challenged the narrative that dinosaurs lived on the earth millions of years ago?

To discover answers to questions like these and more, check out Session 18 in my Genesis Study Below.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to like it and share it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.




In the Beginning … Session 17 — The Flood

For they deliberately overlook this fact, that the heavens existed long ago, and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God, 6and that by means of these the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished. 7But by the same word the heavens and earth that now exist are stored up for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.

[2 Peter 3:5-7]

Is there geographical evidence in the earth of a world-wide flood?

Can we trust the Biblical account of Noah’s flood to be the true historical record of this catastrophic event?

Why is the validity of Noah’s flood day under attack and facing such scrutiny in our “modern” culture?

To discover answers to these questions and more, check out Session 17 in my Genesis study.

If you find this study helpful, feel free to share it and spread it throughout your own personal network. Also, be sure to subscribe to receive my most recent content.

If you would like to have access to the entire study, you can download the Kindle version through Amazon by clicking the link here — In the Beginning — A Foundational Study of Genesis 1-11.



Stranger Thing #13 – Dinosaurs

“Behold Behemoth,
which I made along with you …”

[Job 40:15]

Okay children, gather ’round. Let’s play a game!

Who likes dinosaurs?


Who thinks dinosaurs are cool?


Alright! Now tell me … when did the dinosaurs live?

Millions of years ago!

That’s right, kids! Dinosaurs lived millions of years ago. In a land before time. Long before man ever evolved on the earth …


I must give credit where credit is due. Those driving the naturalistic, Darwinian agenda have done a masterful job of deceiving the masses, propagating their lies, and conditioning our children to believe the imaginary fairytale of evolution.

Open any children’s book on dinosaurs. Watch any dinosaur cartoon or movie. Read every science text book in the classroom and there you will find the same story, relentlessly reinforced with each gullible generation.

Millions of years ago the dinosaurs roamed the earth …

Even many Bible-believing Christians — perhaps some of you reading this now — have unquestionably accepted the evolutionary model of history and its millions of years. And I would be willing to bet that dinosaurs have a lot to do with it.

Once again, when we honestly compare God’s account of creation with man’s account of evolution, we are forced to admit that they are mutually exclusive and historically irreconcilable. Either God’s word is true and dinosaurs were part of the original creation, or man’s word is true and dinosaurs evolved and became extinct millions of years ago.

Both cannot be true … so I say let God be true and every man a liar.

The Bible Describes Dinosaurs and Dragons

If we are seriously to take God’s word at face value, then we are forced to believe that God created the dinosaurs along with all other sea and land animals on Days 5-6 of the original creation week. I used the word “forced” intentionally because the word of God does not leave room for any other alternative, especially the evolution of species over millions of years.

“So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good … God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.”

[Genesis 1:21, 25]

The Bible uses quantitative adjectives like “every” and “all” to make a point. God made everything at the beginning. If God created every creature of the sea, every winged creature and every land animal, then He created the dinosaurs of all kinds at the beginning.

Let’s not forget that the word “dinosaur” is a relatively new term, having originated in the mid 1800s. Dinosaur simply means “terrible lizard” and was created to describe some of the enormous reptilian fossils that began to emerge in the geologic record.

Let us not forge that most reptiles never stop growing throughout their lifetime, meaning that even lizards today would potentially grow to enormous sizes if they could live for more than just a few decades. If lizards, like men, lived to hundred of years old before the flood in optimal environmental conditions, it only stands to reason that they would have grown to be massive beasts.

Before dinosaur became the colloquial term for these terrible lizards, the most common historical name for the dinosaurs was “dragon.” The Bible uses the term dragon both literally and figuratively to describe dangerous creatures of enormous size and strength [see Psalm 74:13-14]. Like the many dragon legends of the past that are found in nearly every ancient civilization, the dragon was universally recognized as a fiercesome beast.


The Leviathan is one of the mysterious creatures found in the Bible that seems to portray a dragon or dinosaur. Although the Bible does use the Leviathan figuratively at times to illustrate chaos or destruction, Job 41 provides a most detailed description of the Leviathan that strongly suggest it was a real creature. For sake of space, I will highlight some the characteristics of the Leviathan directly from Job 41.

  1. Lives and moves about in both water and land
  2. Cannot be caught with a hook or harpoon
  3. Cannot be tamed or bridled
  4. Teeth of terror
  5. Rows of shields on its back
  6. Scales like sharp potsherds on its belly
  7. Scaled are resistant to any human weapon
  8. Breath kindles smoke like coal
  9. Flames of fire shoot from its mouth
  10. When it raises up to attack, the mighty flee in fear

I can’t speak for you, but this sounds exactly like a dinosaur, or terrible lizard, to me!


The second creature worth mentioning is the Behemoth. There is no creature alive today that matches the description given by the Bible. Consider God’s evaluation of the Behemoth in Job 40.

“Look at Behemoth,
which I made along with you
and which feeds on grass like an ox.
What strength it has in its loins,
what power in the muscles of its belly!
Its tail sways like a cedar;
the sinews of its thighs are close-knit.
Its bones are tubes of bronze,
its limbs like rods of iron.
It ranks first among the works of God,
yet its Maker can approach it with his sword

[Job 40:15-19 – NIV]

The Behemoth is an exact description of what we know as the sauropod dinosaurs — the largest creatures to ever walk the face of this earth. And God declares that He created Behemoth “along with” man [Job 40:15], which means at the same time, referring to Day 6 of creation.

Sauropods were herbivores, had enormous loin muscles, legs, and underbellies to support their weight. Their fossilized bones look precisely like massive tubes of bronze and iron rods. And the tail of the sauropod — unlike an elephant or hippo — was long and muscular, swaying like a cedar tree.

Again, the Bible clearly speaks of dinosaurs as being part of the original creation, and it is evident that ancient men like Adam, Noah, and Job lived alongside these majestic creatures both before and after the flood.

Ancient Legends and Historical Artifacts

It is worth again mentioning that ancient legends all over the world refer to dragons as real creatures. Writings about Alexander the Great, Saint George of England and Marco Polo, among countless others, provide corroborating reports about the ancient dinosaurs that lived with men.

Beyond that, there are some that have surfaced over the years that have produced some uncanny representations of dinosaurs. The reason this is so unexpected to the naturalists is because from the evolutionary viewpoint, man and dinosaurs never lived together. But if ancient people groups produced exact replicas of dinosaurs in their art and pottery, then it can only mean one thing … they saw dinosaurs with their own eyes. You can discover more here.

Finally, there is significant geologic evidence that dinosaurs lived with man. For example, archaeologists have found human fossils and footprints within the same strata as dinosaur footprints. Soft tissue and even red blood cells have been discovered in dinosaur bones, proving the fossils are much younger than expected.

The evidence abounds. Dinosaurs can be explained by Biblical creation and fit precisely within the true historical record of mankind. Dinosaurs were created by God during the creation week, along with man and the other animals. Dinosaurs were on the ark with Noah, and dinosaurs lived alongside man even after the flood.

We do not need millions of years to explain the origin and existence of these majestic creatures. We only need let God be true … and every man a liar.

Stranger Thing #12 — Pangaea

“And God said, ‘Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.’ And it was so. God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.”

[Genesis 1:9-10]

The overwhelming majority of physical scientists and geologists advocate a theory that the ancient earth’s land mass once fit together like a jigsaw puzzle and consisted of a supercontinent, called Pangaea. According to uniformitarian models of the earth, plate tectonics produced continental drift over millions of years and Pangaea gradually drifted apart forming the oceans and major continents of today.

Although the Bible does not explicitly teach that the earth was once a supercontinent, the basic concept of Pangaea is possible within Biblical creation models [see Genesis 1:9-10]. The geologic record seems to provide evidence that the continents once were interconnected.

For example, many rock types and formations abruptly end on the coast of one continent and just as abruptly begin on the coast of another continent. In many instances, these similar rock patterns and formations are found on the very continents that seem to have fit together in the past, which would imply that at some point they were seamless.

Furthermore, according to Answers in Genesis, the jigsaw-puzzle fit of Europe and Africa matches closely with North and South America, respectively.

If the North and South Atlantic Ocean basins are closed, these continents fit together at approximately the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a range of mountains on the ocean floor centrally located in the Atlantic Ocean basins.”

Mid-Atlantic Ridge

But the glaring problem with the evolutionary model of Pangaea and the Biblical creation model is time! From a purely naturalistic, uniformitarian world view, Pangaea represents over 250 million years of gradual geologic processes and tectonic activity that eventually produced the continents of today.

The millions-of-years timeline is diametrically opposed to Biblical creation, which plainly teaches that the universe was created in 6 literal, 24-hour days about 6,000 years ago (Exodus 20:11).

But if an original supercontinent did drift apart, how can that be explained within the limited time in a Biblical creation model?

I’m glad you asked.

Plate Tectonics and the Global Flood

From a Biblical perspective, we understand the Pangaea model not as a slow, gradual continental drift over millions of years but rather as a rapid, catastrophic continental sprint that took approximately a year. If the continents were once joined together, then a global flood would explain the immense seismic, volcanic, and tectonic force necessary to fracture and rapidly move the earth’s crust.

The Bible speaks of this fracturing of the earth’s surface during the flood when speaking of the “fountains of the great deep” bursting from underneath the earth.

“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.”

[Genesis 7:11]

Dr. Walter Brown has committed over 30 years to his hydroplate theory to explain one possible scenario of rapid continental drift during the flood. You can find out more about his theory by clicking the link here.

Interestingly, it was a Christian geologist named Antonio Snider in 1859 who first proposed this jigsaw puzzle fit of all the continents, except that he believed the spreading apart and separation of the continents occurred catastrophically during the Genesis Flood.

Mountains Rose Up Rapidly

Another interesting discovery we find in Scripture is that high mountains and deep ocean basins were likely formed rapidly as a result of the catastrophic geologic rearrangement of the earth during the flood. This would explain how sea shells and marine fossils are found on the highest mountain peaks all over the world.

Consider Psalm 104.

“He set the earth on its foundations,
so that it should never be moved.
You covered it with the deep as with a garment;
the waters stood above the mountains.
At your rebuke they fled;
at the sound of your thunder they took to flight.
The mountains rose, the valleys sank down
to the place that you appointed for them.
You set a boundary that they may not pass,
so that they might not again cover the earth

[Psalm 104:5-9 – ESV]

All the primary geologic processes responsible for forcing the catastrophic continental movements during the Flood appear to have likewise begun to rapidly decelerate on and after day 150. Genesis 8:3 indicates that the Flood waters began to steadily decrease and therefore recede from this time point onward, which would seem to indicate that the Flood waters were now subject to new land surfaces and topography rising and valleys sinking as a result of vertical earth movements.

And the waters receded continually from the earth. At the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters decreased. Then the ark rested in the seventh month, the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.

[Genesis 8:3-4]

Folding and Buckling Rock Layers

Whereas uniformitarian geologists claim that tens of thousands of feet of sedimentary layers have been deposited over more than 500 million years, the global cataclysmic Flood of Genesis leads creation geologists to believe that most of these layers were deposited in just over one year. As a result, many different strata would have been laid down in rapid succession during the Flood, creating the amazing folded, jutted, and wrinkled rock formations we see today through the earth.

Only sediment that is pliable like mud or clay can coalesce into such unique rock formations, which gives further credence to the global Flood. Solid rock formations will always crack or fracture when bent under pressure.

Furthermore, there is evidence of rapid plate collisions across the continents that caused rock layers to rise up and jut out.


Pangaea may have been a reality in the pre-flood world, but only the Bible gives a logical, scientific explanation for how there are similar geologic formations all over the world, how continents rapidly split apart, and how the high mountain ranges and deep ocean basins were formed.

Stranger Thing #6 – Two Creation Accounts?

“Then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living soul. And the LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.”

[Genesis 2:7-8]

Bible scoffers and skeptics often appeal to contradictions in God’s word to justify their unbelief. One of the most common objections to the validity of Scripture comes from apparent discrepancies in very first two chapters of Genesis.

When reading on the surface, some have concluded that the Bible provides two entirely different creation accounts, and these accounts, critics say, are contradictory, proving the unreliability of God’s word.

Even Biblical scholars and theologians have bought in to the two creation accounts and as a result have produced all kinds of fantasies to harmonize the apparent inconsistencies in Genesis 1 & 2.

Some Jewish scholars, when writing ancient commentaries on the Old Testament, contrived a bizarre narrative about Adam having two wives — Eve being the second after a character named Lilith in Genesis 1. The sensational legend of Lilith in the Garden persists to this day, but of course there is no no Biblical evidence to support such nonsense.

Many other conspiratorial theories have emerged by scholar and skeptic alike in an attempt to harmonize the apparent contradictions in Genesis 1-2, but all of these attempts are unnecessary. Simply by taking a closer look at the text itself, it becomes clear that there is no need to explain two creation accounts because there is no contradiction whatsoever in Genesis 1-2.

What’s the Problem?

First, I need to address the apparent inconsistencies with Genesis 1 & 2.

  1. In Genesis 1, God makes the plants and trees and all vegetation on Day 3, the fish and birds on Day 5, and the land animals and man on Day 6.
  2. In Genesis 2, God makes man out of ground (Genesis 2:7) and then God makes trees, plants, vegetation (Genesis 2:9), birds and animals AFTER the creation of Adam (Genesis 2:18-20).
  3. So the question is … Did God create the trees and birds and land animals before or after the creation of Adam?

This is usually where most scoffers give each other a high five and drop their microphone, as if they have destroyed the integrity of the Bible. This is usually when the untrained Christian begins to shrink back and doubt the reliability of the Scriptures.

Fortunately, there is no need to fret or fear because not only is there a simple explanation for this apparent contradiction, there are actually TWO!

ANSWER #1 – It’s All in the Details

Far from being a separate creation account, Genesis 2 provides an up-close and detailed account of God’s creative work during Day 6. Whereas Genesis 1 provides a general overview and chronological account of creation, Genesis 2 focuses in on God’s creative work on Day 6, especially with man in the Garden of Eden.

Even though many translations of Genesis 2 imply that God created the trees, birds, and land animals sequentially after creating man, there is one possible explanation. Genesis 2 describes God’s special work in the Garden of Eden beyond what He had already done to form and fill the rest of the earth.

Apparently after filling the entirety of earth with plants and trees and birds and bees and fish in the seas, God redirected His focus on the sixth day and created man in His own image. Having fashioned the crowning glory of His creation in Adam, the LORD now needed to prepare a proper home for man, so He surveyed the land and designated an ideal spot “in the east” and formed the Garden of Eden.

What the Bible describes in Genesis 2, therefore, is not contradictory to what God had already done on Days 3-6, but rather complimentary. After Adam was created on Day 6, God put His finishing touches on the Garden by forming every tree that is “pleasant to the sight and good for food,” along with the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. These trees and vegetation apparently were unique and distinct as being good for food and especially beautiful as the backdrop to the Garden.

The same can be said about the birds and land animals. Having previously created the swarms in the sea and the flocks and herds on the earth, the LORD gave Adam special to privilege of being an eyewitness to creation in the Garden.

In other words, God could have formed one of each kind of animal exclusively in Adam’s presence for a special purpose. As God formed them in front of Adam, the man was able to behold the awesome power of God as a first-hand eyewitness. Plus having named the birds and animals, Adam was given authority over them.

The Garden scene in Genesis 2 is more about the theological significance of Adam’s role and responsibility as God’s representative on earth, having been given authority over all creation. The last of God’s creative works, of course, was woman, as God saved His best work for last!

However, it is important that we understand Adam’s place in God’s created order, as the man was given headship and authority over the animals and also over his own wife. The concept of headship is essential to understanding the Biblical narrative and the role of Jesus Christ – the Second Adam.

In this respect, Eve was not an eyewitness to God’s creative work, as Adam was, and Eve did not receive God’s commandment directly but through her husband.

So one possibility is that instead of two separate creation accounts that contradict each other, the Bible is actually describing complimentary accounts of the same creative work of God. Genesis 1 is an overview of creation, providing a general chronological account of God’s creative work, whereas Genesis 2 is a detailed account of Day 6 of creation that provides the theological framework of the created order and the man’s role of authority over creation.

ANSWER #2 – A More Accurate Translation

A second explanation for harmonizing Genesis 1 & 2 is a much simpler one involving the Hebrew language, specifically when it comes Genesis 2:19.

Many translations, like the King James Version, render the Hebrew word, yatsar, in the simple past tense, which creates the chronological confusion of Day 6.

But other translations, such as the NIV and ESV, have a subtly different rendition.

“Now the LORD God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals and all the birds in the sky.”

[Genesis 2:19 – NIV]

Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man.”

[Genesis 2:19 – ESV]

These trusted translations remain true to the Hebrew text and suggest a different way of viewing the first two chapters of Genesis. These renderings eliminate the need for chronological clarity altogether, by simply saying that God “had already formed” all the birds and animals before bringing them to Adam in the Garden.

Unlike Genesis 1, Genesis 2 does not suggest a chronology. Therefore, the animals being brought to Adam had already been made and were not being brought to him immediately after their creation. Interestingly, Tyndale’s translation, which predates the KJV, agrees with this translation.

It can be argued that Tyndale and the NIV-ESV are more accurate on this verse because the verb in the sentence can be translated as pluperfect rather than perfect, which is in no violation of the Hebrew text but rather perfectly acceptable rendering according to the rules of Hebrew grammar.

“The pluperfect tense can be considered as the past of the past—that is to say, in a narration set in the past, the event to which the narration refers is already further in the past. Once the pluperfect is taken into account, the perceived contradiction completely disappears.”

[Paul F. Taylor – Answers in Genesis]]

So simply by referring to the original Hebrew text, the apparent inconsistencies disappear and the creation narrative is perfectly harmonized between Genesis 1-2.

Personally, I believe both explanations are sound and do not violate the Hebrew text, so either way we can be certain. There is only one creation narrative and not two, further reinforcing the reliability and integrity of God’s word.

The God who Spoke It All to Be

“By the word of the LORD the heavens were made,
and by the breath of his mouth all their host.
Let all the earth fear the LORD;
let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him!
For he spoke, and it came to be;
he commanded, and it stood firm.”

[Psalm 33:6,8-9]

The more we learn about quantum mechanics and the foundational properties of matter and energy, we are faced with more questions than answers. No matter how deep we are able to peer into the sub-atomic world or how far we are able to see across the vast expanse of the universe, there will always be a point where our limited knowledge and understanding ends and the infinite knowledge of our Creator begins.

One of the greatest confirmations of the validity and reliability of the Bible is that it provides concepts that only could have originated from the mind of an Infinite Creator. For example, the Scriptures repeatedly suggest that the universe and everything in it was created by the spoken word of God.

Now, we may take such a concept for granted living in the “modern scientific” era, but as for the Biblical authors and their audiences, they were oblivious to the concepts of molecular physics and quantum mechanics. When Moses received the revelation from God to write the book of Genesis, for example, he could not have possibly understood the infinite complexity and stunning intricacy of universe.

But if God’s word is indeed true and the God of the Bible is indeed the One True Creator and Lord over all the universe, then we would expect His divine revelation — though written several thousand years ago — to confirm and conform to the reality around us. In other words, as we are able to understand more and more about our universe, our discoveries should lead us closer to God and His revealed Word.

And what do we find? Interestingly, instead of rendering the Bible obsolete and archaic, scientific discoveries only continue to validate the divine nature of God’s word and verify the God of the Bible as the True Creator of the universe.

Time, Energy, Space and Matter

The theory of general relativity, as proposed by Einstein in the early 20th century, provided irrefutable evidence that the very fabric of the space-time continuum is interdependent and interconnected. So if the universe had a beginning, then that would mean that time, matter, space and energy all began to exist simultaneously.

Ironically, God knew that it would take “modern” mankind centuries to rediscover this foundational truth, so in His infinite wisdom He decided to reveal this to us in the very first verse of the Bible.

  1. In the beginning – time
  2. God created – energy
  3. The heavens – space
  4. The earth – matter

So God provided the principles of general relatively in the very first very of the Bible! And in order to explain the cause of the universe, one rationally must look to an Intelligent, Eternal Being who exists outside of space and time and who is not contingent upon the material universe. Sounds like the God of the Bible to me.

Kent Hovind provides a wonderful 3-minute explanation of this here.

The Foundational Nature of Vibrations

I am certainly not a physicist nor an expert on quantum mechanics, but as I read and study the subject, I have found out that scientists are somewhat perplexed by the wave-particle duality that exists at the sub-atomic level. Although it was once believed that energy substances such as light were made of electromagnetic waves, and matter was made of molecular particles, quantum mechanics have provided new insights into the sub-atomic world that challenge classical theories.

To keep it simple, I would like to provide a over-simplified definition of wave-particle duality from Science Daily.

“In physics and chemistry, wave-particle duality holds that light and matter exhibit properties of both waves and of particles … Through the work of Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie and many others, it is now established that all objects have both wave and particle nature (though this phenomenon is only detectable on small scales, such as with atoms), and that a suitable interpretation of quantum mechanics provides the over-arching theory resolving this ostensible paradox.”

Perhaps the most surprising aspect of quantum mechanics is the notion that everything in the material universe ultimately consists of waves, or vibrations. All matter, even a solid rock, when observed at the sub-atomic level, is made of vibrating particles in perpetual motion. One author explained it like this.

“The force that holds quarks together is known as the strong nuclear force. As quarks oscillate and spin within the nucleus of an atom, they generate waves of space that bind them together. These highly energetic motions are nuclear waves.”

I realize that it is somewhat counterintuitive to think of a stationary rock as actually oscillating and vibrating, but that is precisely how matter behaves at the sub-atomic level. All of creation, from the vast galaxies of space to the microscopic components of matter consist of vibrations.

Interestingly enough, that is precisely what we would expect to discover if we believe the word of God and the God of the word. As the psalmist says in Psalm 33 above, “He spoke and it came to be.”

Jesus Christ is the Word, and as the Creator of the universe, everything leapt into existence at the command of His voice!

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.”

[John 1:1-3]

And then God SAID, Let there be …

Of course all of the universe consists of vibrations because the heavens and the earth came into being at the mighty reverberations of God’s Voice. God spoke and everything appeared as He willed. Jesus commanded and the universe was created. Jesus is the Supreme Creator of all things, both visible and invisible — spiritual and physical. Christ created the angels and all beings of the spiritual realm to be witnesses to the creation of the material universe. As God was creating, the angels were singing — glorifying God for His infinite wisdom, power, beauty and love.

““Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell me, if you have understanding.
5Who determined its measurements—surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
6On what were its bases sunk,
or who laid its cornerstone,
7when the morning stars sang together
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

[Job 38:4-7]

And what’s more, the very same voice and command of God that initiated the universe is also the same reverberating force that is holding everything together. The Lord Jesus Christ is presently, actively, purposefully keeping everything in the cosmos from immediate disintegration and total destruction.

“In these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.”

[Hebrews 1:2-3]

All of creation is singing out at this very moment, praising the Creator and ascribing the glory due to Him alone. If only God’s greatest creation, mankind, would offer Him the same glory and honor He so rightfully deserves.

Next time you look at the stars or study the complex inner workings of the cell, may you break out into praise with all of creation and worship the God who spoke and it came to be.

“You are the LORD, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you.”

[Nehemiah 9:6]